World War, also known as the Great War, was a global conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918. It involved most of the world’s major powers, divided into two opposing alliances: the Allies (primarily composed of France, Russia, and the United Kingdom) and the Central Powers (primarily composed of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire). The immediate cause of the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, by a Serbian nationalist.
This event triggered a series of diplomatic and military actions that led to the outbreak of war. The war was characterized by trench warfare, a type of warfare in which opposing forces dig trenches facing each other and engage in prolonged battles. It was also marked by the use of new military technologies, such as machine guns, poison gas, and tanks. The war had a significant impact on the world, both in terms of human lives and political transformations. An estimated 8.5 million soldiers and 6.5 million civilians died as a result of the war, DW News Today making it one of the deadliest conflicts in history.
The war also led to the collapse of several empires, including the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Russian Empire. It paved the way for the emergence of new nation-states, such as Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Poland. The war also contributed to the rise of totalitarian regimes, such as Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Versailles, which ended the war, imposed heavy reparations on Germany and led to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
In addition, the war had a profound impact on culture and society. It gave rise to the Lost Generation, a group of writers and artists who were disillusioned with the war and its aftermath. It also led to the suffrage movements, as women who had contributed to the war effort demanded the right to vote.